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More and more OEM’s are realizing the benefits of FEMAs and PPAPs and are flowing down the requirement that these be completed by suppliers before production, and to ensure capability before allotting contracts.

A failure mode effects analysis is a procedure in product development, and/or operations management for analysis of failure modes within a system. A Production Part Approval (PPAP) is used to verify a manufacturers’ ability to produce parts to a particular standard.

There are three classifications of FEMAs

  1. System FMEA which is used to analyze complete systems of subsystems.  A system FMEA looks at the concept of creating a new part, what might be the effects on the part, and the operations that  it will need to go through to be produced.

  2. Design FEMA (DFEMA) is used to analyze a product design before it is released to manufacturing.  These applications include component, subsystem and main system.

  3. Process FEMA (PFEMA) which is used to analyze manufacturing and/or assembly processes. It   looks at how the part is actually produced and the various effects that can arise.

A PPAP is used to verify a manufacturers’ ability to produce parts to a particular standard and ensures:

  1. All customer requirements are understood

  2. The product meets these requirements

  3. The production process is capable of consistency and repeatability in producing conforming product.


This course includes instruction in completing all FEMAs and PPAPs through hands on completion.  It will provide, definitions and common elements as well as work sheets, and check lists.

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